By Bill Federer, staff writer
Called the “Chief Architect of the Constitution,” he wrote many of the Federalist Papers which helped convince States to ratify the Constitution.
He introduced the First Amendment in the first session of Congress.
This was James Madison, born MARCH 16, 1751.
During the War of 1812, Madison proclaimed two National Days of Prayer, 1812 and 1813.
When the British marched on Washington, D.C., citizens evacuated, along with President and Dolly Madison.
On August 25, 1814, as the British burned the White House, Capitol and public buildings, dark clouds began to roll in.
A tornado sent debris flying, blew off roofs and knocked chimneys over on top of British troops.
Two cannons were lifted off the ground and dropped yards away.
A British historian wrote:
“More British soldiers were killed by this stroke of nature than from all the firearms the American troops had mustered.”
British forces fled in confusion and rains extinguished the fires.
Madison then proclaimed a National Day of Public Humiliation, Fasting & Prayer to Almighty God on November 16, 1814.
Two weeks after the War ended, Madison proclaimed a National Day of Thanksgiving & Devout Acknowledgment to Almighty God, March 4, 1815.
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